Etymology
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eggplant (n.)

also egg-plant, plant cultivated for its large oblong or ovate fruit, which is highly esteemed as a vegetable, 1763, from egg (n.) + plant (n.). Originally of the white variety. Compare aubergine.

updated on November 19, 2020

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Definitions of eggplant from WordNet

eggplant (n.)
egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow;
Synonyms: aubergine / mad apple
eggplant (n.)
hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable;
Synonyms: aubergine / brinjal / eggplant bush / garden egg / mad apple / Solanum melongena
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.