Etymology
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egg roll (n.)

"fried spring roll," a Chinese-American food, by 1917, though the ingredients have changed, from egg (n.) + roll (n.). The reason for egg is unclear now, as they often contain no egg and cabbage is the primary ingredient, but in the old recipe the shell they were rolled in was made of fried eggs.

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Definitions of egg roll

egg roll (n.)
minced vegetables and meat wrapped in a pancake and fried;
Synonyms: spring roll
From wordnet.princeton.edu