ebola (n.)

virus, 1976, named for Ebola River valley in Congo, where it first was studied.

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Definitions of ebola from WordNet

Ebola (n.)
a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person; is largely limited to Africa;
Synonyms: Ebola hemorrhagic fever / Ebola fever