drag (v.)

late 14c., draggen, "to draw a grapnel along the bottom of a river, lake, etc., in search of something;" late 15c., "to draw away by force, pull haul," from Old Norse draga, or a dialectal variant of Old English dragan "to draw," both from Proto-Germanic *draganan "to draw, pull," perhaps from a PIE *dhregh- "to draw, drag on the ground" (source also of Sanskrit dhrajati "pulls, slides in," Russian drogi "wagon," doroga "way;"  connection to Latin trahere "to draw" is possible but problematic).

Meaning "draw (feet, tails, etc.) along slowly" is from 1580s; intransitive sense of "move heavily or slowly, hang with its weight while moving or being moved" is by 1660s. Meaning "to take a puff" (of a cigarette, etc.) is from 1914. Related: Dragged; dragging. Drag-out "violent fight" is from c. 1859. To drag (one's) feet (1946 in the figurative sense "delay deliberately") supposedly is from logging, from a lazy way to use a two-man saw.

drag (n.)

c. 1300, dragge, "dragnet," perhaps from a Scandinavian source (compare Old Norse dragga "a load," Swedish dragg "grapnel") or from Old English dræge "dragnet," related to dragan "to draw" (see drag (v.)).

From 1708 as "anything attached to a moving body that retards its progress." As the name of a device for retarding or stopping the rotation of wheels, 1795. Sense of "annoying, boring person or thing" is 1813, perhaps from the mechanical senses or the notion of something that must be dragged as an impediment.

Sense of "women's clothing worn by a man" is by 1870, perhaps originally theater slang, from the sensation of long skirts trailing on the floor (another guess is Yiddish trogn "to wear," from German tragen); drag queen "male transvestite or cross-dresser" is from 1941.

Drag racing (1947), is said to be from thieves' slang drag "automobile" (1935), perhaps ultimately from slang sense of "wagon, buggy" (1755), because a horse would drag it. By 1851 this was transferred to "street," as in the phrase main drag (which some propose as the source of the racing sense).

In addition to the time trials there are a number of "drag races" between two or more cars. They are run, not for record, but to satisfy the desire of most Americans to see who can get from here to there in the fastest time. [Popular Mechanics, January 1947]

updated on August 18, 2020

Definitions of drag from WordNet
drag (v.)
pull, as against a resistance;
He dragged the big suitcase behind him
These worries were dragging at him
drag (v.)
draw slowly or heavily;
Synonyms: haul / hale / cart
drag (v.)
force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action;
don't drag me into this business
Synonyms: embroil / tangle / sweep / sweep up / drag in
drag (v.)
move slowly and as if with great effort;
drag (v.)
to lag or linger behind;
But in so many other areas we still are dragging
Synonyms: trail / get behind / hang back / drop behind / drop back
drag (v.)
suck in or take (air);
Synonyms: puff / draw
drag (v.)
use a computer mouse to move icons on the screen and select commands from a menu;
drag this icon to the lower right hand corner of the screen
drag (v.)
walk without lifting the feet;
Synonyms: scuff
drag (v.)
search (as the bottom of a body of water) for something valuable or lost;
Synonyms: dredge
drag (v.)
persuade to come away from something attractive or interesting;
He dragged me away from the television set
drag (v.)
proceed for an extended period of time;
The speech dragged on for two hours
Synonyms: drag on / drag out
drag (n.)
the phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid;
Synonyms: retarding force
drag (n.)
something that slows or delays progress;
taxation is a drag on the economy
too many laws are a drag on the use of new land
drag (n.)
something tedious and boring;
peeling potatoes is a drag
drag (n.)
clothing that is conventionally worn by the opposite sex (especially women's clothing when worn by a man);
he went to the party dressed in drag
the waitresses looked like missionaries in drag
drag (n.)
a slow inhalation (as of tobacco smoke);
he took a drag on his cigarette and expelled the smoke slowly
Synonyms: puff / pull
drag (n.)
the act of dragging (pulling with force);
the drag up the hill exhausted him
Etymologies are not definitions. From, not affiliated with etymonline.