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dower (n.)

mid-15c. (from late 13c. in Anglo-French), "property which a woman brings to her husband at marriage," from Old French doaire "dower, dowry, gift" (see dowry). In modern legal use, "portion of a late husband's real property allowed to a widow for her life." Meaning "one's portion of natural gifts" is from late 14c. 

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Definitions of dower from WordNet
1
dower (n.)
money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage;
Synonyms: dowry / dowery / portion
dower (n.)
a life estate to which a wife is entitled on the death of her husband;
2
dower (v.)
furnish with an endowment;
When she got married, she got dowered
Synonyms: endow
From wordnet.princeton.edu