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dope (n.)

1807, American English, "sauce, gravy; any thick liquid," from Dutch doop "thick dipping sauce," from doopen "to dip" (see dip (v.)). Used generally by late 19c. for any mixture or preparation of unknown ingredients.

Extension to "narcotic drug" is by 1889, from practice of smoking semi-liquid opium preparation. Meaning "foolish, stupid person" is older than this (1851) and may be from the notion of "thick-headed," later associated with the idea of "stupefied by narcotics."

Sense of "inside information" (1901) may come from knowing before the race which horse had been drugged to influence performance (to dope (v.) in this sense is attested by 1900). Dope-fiend is attested from 1896, "a victim of the opium habit."

dope (v.)

"administer a drug to," 1889, from dope (n.). Related: Doped; doping.

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Definitions of dope
1
dope (n.)
street names for marijuana;
Synonyms: pot / grass / green goddess / weed / gage / sess / sens / smoke / skunk / locoweed / Mary Jane
dope (n.)
an ignorant or foolish person;
Synonyms: dumbbell / dummy / boob / booby / pinhead
dope (n.)
carbonated drink flavored with extract from kola nuts (`dope' is a southernism in the United States);
Synonyms: cola
dope (n.)
slang terms for inside information;
is that the straight dope?
Synonyms: poop / the skinny / low-down
2
dope (v.)
take drugs to improve one's athletic performance;
dope (v.)
add impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties;
The resistors have been doped
dope (v.)
give a narcotic to;
The athletes were dope by the coach before the race
Synonyms: dope up
From wordnet.princeton.edu