Old English dal "state of being divided; sharing, giving out," shortened from gedal "portion," related to dæl "deal," from Proto-Germanic *dailiz (source also of Old Frisian and Old Saxon del, Middle Dutch deil, Dutch deel, Old High German teil, German Teil), from PIE *dail- "to divide," Northern Indo-European extended form of root *da- "to divide." On the dole is 1920s.
"hand out charity," mid-15c., from dole (n.). Doled; doling.
dolce far niente
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