Etymology
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dodge (v.)

1560s, "go this way and that in speech or action," a sense now obsolete; from 1680s as "start suddenly aside, shift suddenly," as to evade a blow;" 1704 as "to move to and fro, shift about;" origin and sense evolution obscure. Perhaps it is from or akin to Scottish and Northern English dodd "to jog" (1570s).

Transitive sense of "to evade (something) by a sudden shift of place" is by 1670s. It is attested from 1570s, and common from early 18c., in the figurative sense of "to swindle, to play shifting tricks (with)." Photography sense of "use artifice to improve a print" is by 1883. Related: Dodged; dodging.

Dodge City, Kansas, was laid out in 1872 and named for U.S. military man Richard I. Dodge, then commander of the nearby army fort. It later was notorious in Wild West lore as the home of Wyatt Earp and Bat Masterson.

dodge (n.)

"a shifty contrivance or clever trick," 1630s, from dodge (v.). Revived or reformed in early 19c.

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Definitions of dodge
1
dodge (v.)
make a sudden movement in a new direction so as to avoid;
The child dodged the teacher's blow
dodge (v.)
move to and fro or from place to place usually in an irregular course;
the pickpocket dodged through the crowd
dodge (v.)
avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues);
He dodged the issue
Synonyms: hedge / fudge / evade / put off / circumvent / parry / elude / skirt / duck / sidestep
2
dodge (n.)
an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade;
Synonyms: contrivance / stratagem
dodge (n.)
a quick evasive movement;
dodge (n.)
a statement that evades the question by cleverness or trickery;
Synonyms: dodging / scheme
From wordnet.princeton.edu