Etymology
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Words related to do

overdo (v.)

Old English oferdon "to do too much, be excessive or immoderate, exceed the proper limit," also in late Old English transitive, "to do (something) to excess," from ofer (see over) + don (see do (v.)). A common Germanic formation (compare Old High German ubartuan). Meaning "to overtax, exhaust, fatigue by too much action" (especially in phrase to overdo it) is attested from 1817. Of food, "to cook too long," is by 1680s (implied in past-participle adjective overdone).

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redo (v.)

also re-do, "to do over again," 1590s, from re- "back, again" + do (v.). Meaning "redecorate" is by 1864. Related: Redone; redoing.

to-do (n.)
1570s, from the verb phrase to do, from Old English to don "proper or necessary to be done" (see to + do). Meaning "disturbance, fuss" is first recorded 1827. Similar formation in French affaire, from à "to" + faire "do."
undo (v.)
Old English undon "to unfasten and open" (a window or door), "to unfasten by releasing from a fixed position; to cancel, discharge, abrogate, reverse what has been done, put back in a former condition; bring to ruin, destroy," from un- (2) "opposite of" + do (v.). Related: Undone; undoing.

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