Etymology
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disturb (v.)

late 13c. distourben, "to frighten, alarm, break up the tranquility of;" c. 1300, "to stop or hinder;" from Old French destorber (Old North French distourber) and directly from Latin disturbare "throw into disorder," from dis- "completely" (see dis-) + turbare "to disorder, disturb," from turba "turmoil" (see turbid). Related: Disturbed; disturbing; disturbingly.

Middle English also had the verb as distourblen, from Old French destorbler; hence also distourbler (n.) "one who disturbs or incites" (late 14c.).

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Definitions of disturb

disturb (v.)
move deeply;
Synonyms: upset / trouble
disturb (v.)
change the arrangement or position of;
Synonyms: agitate / vex / commove / shake up / stir up / raise up
disturb (v.)
tamper with;
Synonyms: touch
disturb (v.)
destroy the peace or tranquility of;
Synonyms: interrupt
disturb (v.)
damage as if by shaking or jarring;
Don't disturb the patient's wounds by moving him too rapidly!
From wordnet.princeton.edu