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disaster (n.)

"anything that befalls of ruinous or distressing nature; any unfortunate event," especially a sudden or great misfortune, 1590s, from French désastre (1560s), from Italian disastro, literally "ill-starred," from dis-, here merely pejorative, equivalent to English mis- "ill" (see dis-) + astro "star, planet," from Latin astrum, from Greek astron "star" (from PIE root *ster- (2) "star").

The sense is astrological, of a calamity blamed on an unfavorable position of a planet, and "star" here is probably meant in the astrological sense of "destiny, fortune, fate." Compare Medieval Latin astrum sinistrum "misfortune," literally "unlucky star," and English ill-starred.

Origin and meaning of disaster

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Definitions of disaster from WordNet

disaster (n.)
a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune;
his policies were a disaster
Synonyms: catastrophe
disaster (n.)
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;
the earthquake was a disaster
disaster (n.)
an act that has disastrous consequences;
From wordnet.princeton.edu