Etymology
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direction (n.)

late 14c., direccioun, "action of directing or guiding," from Latin directionem (nominative directio) "a making straight, a straight line, a directing (toward something)," noun of action from past-participle stem of dirigere "to set straight, arrange; give a particular direction to," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + regere "to direct, to guide, keep straight" (from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line").

Meaning "the act of governing, administration" is from early 15c. Sense of "relative position without regard to distance" is from 1660s. Meaning "course pursued by a moving object" is from 1660s.

Sense of "order, instruction in how to proceed" is from early 15c.; specific sense of "instruction in how to get somewhere" is from 1590s (directions in this sense is by 1749). Related: Directional.

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Definitions of direction

direction (n.)
a line leading to a place or point;
he looked the other direction
Synonyms: way
direction (n.)
the spatial relation between something and the course along which it points or moves;
he checked the direction and velocity of the wind
direction (n.)
a general course along which something has a tendency to develop;
his ideals determined the direction of his career
I couldn't follow the direction of his thoughts
they proposed a new direction for the firm
direction (n.)
something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action;
Synonyms: guidance / counsel / counseling / counselling
direction (n.)
the act of managing something;
is the direction of the economy a function of government?
Synonyms: management
direction (n.)
a message describing how something is to be done;
he gave directions faster than she could follow them
Synonyms: instruction
direction (n.)
the act of setting and holding a course;
a new council was installed under the direction of the king
Synonyms: steering / guidance
direction (n.)
a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something;
Synonyms: commission / charge
direction (n.)
the concentration of attention or energy on something;
he had no direction in his life
Synonyms: focus / focusing / focussing / focal point / centering
From wordnet.princeton.edu