Etymology
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dimension (n.)

late 14c., dimensioun, "measurable extent, magnitude measured along a diameter," from Latin dimensionem (nominative dimensio) "a measuring," noun of action from past-participle stem of dimetri "to measure out," from dis- (see dis-) + metiri "to measure," from PIE root *me- (2) "to measure."

Sense of "bulk, size, extent, or capacity" is from 1520s, Meaning "any component of a situation" is from 1929. Related: Dimensional; dimensions.

Origin and meaning of dimension

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Definitions of dimension
1
dimension (n.)
the magnitude of something in a particular direction (especially length or width or height);
dimension (n.)
a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished;
Synonyms: property / attribute
dimension (n.)
one of three Cartesian coordinates that determine a position in space;
dimension (n.)
magnitude or extent;
Synonyms: proportion
2
dimension (v.)
indicate the dimensions on;
These techniques permit us to dimension the human heart
dimension (v.)
shape or form to required dimensions;
From wordnet.princeton.edu