Etymology
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dictatorship (n.)

1580s, "office or term of a (Roman) dictator," from dictator + -ship. The sense of "absolute authority" evolved by late 17c.

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Definitions of dictatorship

dictatorship (n.)
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.);
Synonyms: absolutism / authoritarianism / Caesarism / despotism / monocracy / one-man rule / shogunate / Stalinism / totalitarianism / tyranny
From wordnet.princeton.edu