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diaspora (n.)

1825 in reference to Moravian protestants; 1869 in reference to the dispersion of the Jews; from Greek diaspora "dispersion," from diaspeirein "to scatter about, disperse," from dia "about, across" (see dia-) + speirein "to scatter" (see sparse). The Greek word was used in the Septuagint in Deuteronomy xxviii.25. A Hebrew word for it is galuth "exile." The earlier word for it in English was Latinate dispersion (late 14c.). Related: Diasporic.

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Definitions of diaspora from WordNet
1
diaspora (n.)
the body of Jews (or Jewish communities) outside Palestine or modern Israel;
diaspora (n.)
the dispersion or spreading of something that was originally localized (as a people or language or culture);
2
Diaspora (n.)
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel; from the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in 587-86 BC when they were exiled to Babylonia up to the present time;
From wordnet.princeton.edu