Etymology
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devolve (v.)

mid-15c., devolven, "to roll downward or onward" (a sense now archaic or obsolete), from Latin devolvere "to roll down," from de "down" (see de-) + volvere "to roll," from PIE root *wel- (3) "to turn, revolve."

Figurative sense of "to cause to pass down, transfer (something) from one person to another" is from 1520s; sense of "be transferred or transmitted" is from 1550s. Meaning "to degenerate" is by 1830. Related: Devolved; devolving.

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Definitions of devolve

devolve (v.)
pass on or delegate to another;
The representative devolved his duties to his aides while he was in the hospital
devolve (v.)
be inherited by;
The estate devolved to an heir that everybody had assumed to be dead
Synonyms: fall / return / pass
devolve (v.)
grow worse;
The discussion devolved into a shouting match
Synonyms: deteriorate / drop / degenerate
From wordnet.princeton.edu