Etymology
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detail (n.)

c. 1600, "attention to particulars," from French détail, from Old French detail "small piece or quantity," literally "a cutting in pieces," from detaillier "cut in pieces" (12c.), from de- "entirely" (see de-) + taillier "to cut in pieces" (see tailor).

French en détail "piece by piece, item by item" (as opposed to en gros), a commercial term used where we would today use retail, expanded the senses of the noun. Meaning "a minute account or narrative" is from 1690s; that of "an individual part, a particular" is from 1786. In fine arts, "a small, subordinate part," by 1823.

Military sense of "selection of an individual or body of troops for a particular service" is from 1708, from the notion of "distribution in detail of the daily orders first given in general," including assignment of specific duties.

detail (v.)

1630s, "relate or narrate in particulars," from French dtailler "cut up in pieces; narrate in particulars," from Old French detaillier "cut in pieces" (12c.), from de- "entirely" (see de-) + taillier "to cut in pieces" (see tailor (n.)). Meaning "divide or set off" (especially for military duty) is from 1793. Related: Detailed; detailing.

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Definitions of detail
1
detail (n.)
an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole;
several of the details are similar
Synonyms: item / point
detail (n.)
a small part that can be considered separately from the whole;
it was perfect in all details
Synonyms: particular / item
detail (n.)
extended treatment of particulars;
the essay contained too much detail
detail (n.)
a crew of workers selected for a particular task;
a detail was sent to remove the fallen trees
detail (n.)
a temporary military unit;
Synonyms: contingent
2
detail (v.)
provide details for;
detail (v.)
assign to a specific task;
The ambulances were detailed to the fire station
From wordnet.princeton.edu