Etymology
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descriptive (adj.)

"serving or aiming to describe," 1751, from Late Latin descriptivus, from descript-, past-participle stem of describere "to write down, copy; sketch, represent," from de "down" (see de-) + scribere "to write" (from PIE root *skribh- "to cut"). Related: Descriptively; descriptiveness.

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Definitions of descriptive

descriptive (adj.)
serving to describe or inform or characterized by description;
the descriptive variable
a descriptive passage
descriptive (adj.)
of or relating to an approach to linguistic analysis that aims at the description of a language's forms, structures and usage;
descriptive grammar
From wordnet.princeton.edu