mid-14c., depriven, "to take away; to divest, strip, bereave; divest of office," from Old French depriver, from Medieval Latin deprivare, from de- "entirely" (see de-) + Latin privare "release from" (see private(adj.)). From late 14c. as "hinder from possessing." Replaced Old English bedælan. Related: Deprived; depriving.