Etymology
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depopulate (v.)

"deprive of inhabitants," 1540s; see de- + populate. Perhaps from Latin depopulatus, past participle of depopulari "to lay waste, ravage." Related: Depopulated; depopulating. Earlier in same sense was dispeplen (early 15c.).

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Definitions of depopulate

depopulate (v.)
reduce in population;
The epidemic depopulated the countryside
Synonyms: desolate
From wordnet.princeton.edu