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dependent (adj.)

also dependant, late 14c., "relying for existence on;" early 15c. as "contingent, related to some condition;" from Old French dependant, present-participle adjective from dependre "to hang down," from Latin dependere "to hang from, hang down; be dependent on, be derived," from de "from, down" (see de-) + pendere "to hang, cause to hang; weigh" (from PIE root *(s)pen- "to draw, stretch, spin").

For spelling, see dependant (n.). In some cases the English word is directly from Latin dependentem (nominative dependens), present participle of dependere. From early 15c. in the literal sense of "hanging down, pendent." From 1640s as "subordinate, under the control of or needing aid from an extraneous source." Dependent variable in mathematics is recorded from 1852.

dependent (n.)

see dependant (n.). Related: Dependents.

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Definitions of dependent
1
dependent (adj.)
relying on or requiring a person or thing for support, supply, or what is needed;
dependent on moisture
dependent children
dependent (adj.)
contingent on something else;
Synonyms: dependant / qualified
dependent (adj.)
(of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence;
a subordinate (or dependent) clause functions as a noun or adjective or adverb within a sentence
Synonyms: subordinate
dependent (adj.)
held from above and hanging down;
Synonyms: pendent / pendant
dependent (adj.)
being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;
a dependent prince
Synonyms: subject
dependent (adj.)
addicted to a drug;
Synonyms: dependant / drug-addicted / hooked / strung-out
2
dependent (n.)
a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support);
Synonyms: dependant
From wordnet.princeton.edu