Etymology
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delinquent (n.)

late 15c., "one who fails to perform a duty or discharge an obligation," also, generally, "an offender against the law," a noun use from Latin delinquentum (nominative delinquens), present participle of delinquere "to fail; be wanting, fall short; do wrong, transgress, offend," from de- "completely" (see de-) + linquere "to leave" (from PIE root *leikw- "to leave"). As an adjective, "failing or neglectful in duty," from c. 1600 in English.

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Definitions of delinquent
1
delinquent (adj.)
guilty of a misdeed;
delinquent minors
delinquent (adj.)
failing in what duty requires;
derelict (or delinquent) in his duty
Synonyms: derelict / neglectful / remiss
delinquent (adj.)
past due; not paid at the scheduled time;
a delinquent account
Synonyms: overdue
2
delinquent (n.)
a young offender;
Synonyms: juvenile delinquent
From wordnet.princeton.edu