Etymology
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deforestation (n.)

"act of cutting down and clearing away the forests of a region or tract," 1870, noun of action from deforest (q.v.). Earlier was deforesting (1530s) which was a legal term for the change in definition of a parcel of land from "forest" to something else.

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Definitions of deforestation

deforestation (n.)
the state of being clear of trees;
deforestation (n.)
the removal of trees;
Synonyms: disforestation
From wordnet.princeton.edu