Etymology
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defend (v.)

mid-13c., defenden, "to shield from attack, guard against assault or injury," from Old French defendre (12c.) "defend, resist," and directly from Latin defendere "ward off, protect, guard, allege in defense," from de "from, away" (see de-) + -fendere "to strike, hit, push," attested only in compounds (such as offendere "to strike against; encounter;" infensus "aggressive, hostile"), from PIE root *gwhend- "to strike, kill" (source also of Hittite kue(n)zi "to kill," Sanskrit ghnanti "to kill; Greek theino "to slay, to kill;" Armenian jnem "to strike;" Lithuanian ginti "to protect, defend;" Old Irish gonaid "wounds, kills;" Welsh gwan "to thrust, hit;" Old Breton goanaff "to punish, sting").

It is attested from c. 1300 as "fight in defense of" (someone or something). From mid-14c. as "defend with words, speak in support of, vindicate, uphold, maintain." In Middle English it also could mean "forbid, prohibit; restrain, prevent." In the Mercian hymns, Latin defendet is glossed by Old English gescildeð. Related: Defended; defending.

Origin and meaning of defend

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Definitions of defend

defend (v.)
argue or speak in defense of;
Synonyms: support / fend for
defend (v.)
be on the defensive; act against an attack;
defend (v.)
protect against a challenge or attack;
Synonyms: guard / hold
defend (v.)
fight against or resist strongly;
Synonyms: fight / oppose / fight back / fight down
defend (v.)
protect or fight for as a champion;
Synonyms: champion
defend (v.)
be the defense counsel for someone in a trial;
Synonyms: represent
defend (v.)
state or assert;
Synonyms: maintain
From wordnet.princeton.edu