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decompose (v.)

1750s, "to separate into components," from de- "opposite of" + compose (v.) in the sense of "make or form by uniting two or more things." Sense of "putrefy, become resolved into constituent elements" is by 1777. Related: Decomposed; decomposing.

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Definitions of decompose from WordNet

decompose (v.)
separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts;
Synonyms: break up / break down
decompose (v.)
lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current;
Synonyms: disintegrate / decay
decompose (v.)
break down;
The bodies decomposed in the heat
Synonyms: rot / molder / moulder
From wordnet.princeton.edu