Etymology
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decentralization (n.)

"act or principle of removing local or special functions of government from immediate control of central authority," 1839, from de- + centralization. Decentralisation is attested by 1835 in German, in reference to France, but the word does not seem to appear in French before the earliest English dates.

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Definitions of decentralization

decentralization (n.)
the social process in which population and industry moves from urban centers to outlying districts;
Synonyms: decentalisation
decentralization (n.)
the spread of power away from the center to local branches or governments;
Synonyms: decentralisation
From wordnet.princeton.edu