Etymology
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death camp (n.)

1944, in reference to the Holocaust, probably translating German Todeslager; they also were known as extermination camps (German Vernichtungslager); historians usually count six of them: Auschwitz-Birkenau, Chełmno, Bełżec, Majdanek, Sobibór, Treblinka.

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Definitions of death camp

death camp (n.)
a concentration camp where prisoners are likely to die or be killed;
From wordnet.princeton.edu