Etymology
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damask (n.)

mid-13c., "Damascus;" late 14c., Damaske, "costly textile fabric woven in elaborate patterns," literally "cloth from Damascus," the Syrian city noted for fabric; see Damascus. From c. 1600 as "a pink color," a reference to the Damask rose, which is native to that region. As an adjective, "woven with figures," 1640s. Related: Damasked.

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Definitions of damask
1
damask (n.)
a table linen made from linen with a damask pattern;
damask (n.)
a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it;
2
damask (adj.)
having a woven pattern;
damask table linens
From wordnet.princeton.edu