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cutting (adj.)

c. 1400, "penetrating or dividing by an edge," present-participle adjective from cut (v.). As "wounding or deeply affecting the feelings," 1580s. Related: Cuttingly.

Cutting-edge is by 1825 in the literal sense "cutting surface of a blade or tool" (often at first with reference to plows); figurative sense "highest or most advanced state of development" is from 1964.

cutting (n.)

mid-14c., "piece cut off;" late 14c., "act or fact of making incisions, action of cutting," verbal noun from cut (v.). Meaning "shoot or small bough bearing leaf-buds" is from 1660s. Meaning "slip cut from a newspaper or other print publication" is by 1856. Related: Cuttings.  Cutting-board is by 1819.

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Definitions of cutting
1
cutting (n.)
the activity of selecting the scenes to be shown and putting them together to create a film;
Synonyms: film editing
cutting (n.)
a part (sometimes a root or leaf or bud) removed from a plant to propagate a new plant through rooting or grafting;
Synonyms: slip
cutting (n.)
a piece cut off from the main part of something;
cutting (n.)
an excerpt cut from a newspaper or magazine;
Synonyms: clipping / newspaper clipping / press clipping / press cutting
cutting (n.)
removing parts from hard material to create a desired pattern or shape;
Synonyms: carving
cutting (n.)
the act of diluting something;
the cutting of whiskey with water
Synonyms: thinning
cutting (n.)
the division of a deck of cards before dealing;
the cutting of the cards soon became a ritual
Synonyms: cut
cutting (n.)
the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge;
Synonyms: cut
cutting (n.)
the act of cutting something into parts;
his cutting of the cake made a terrible mess
Synonyms: cut
cutting (n.)
the act of shortening something by chopping off the ends;
Synonyms: cut / cutting off
2
cutting (adj.)
(of speech) harsh or hurtful in tone or character;
cutting remarks
Synonyms: edged / stinging
cutting (adj.)
unpleasantly cold and damp;
Synonyms: bleak / raw
cutting (adj.)
painful as if caused by a sharp instrument;
a cutting wind
Synonyms: keen / knifelike / piercing / stabbing / lancinate / lancinating
From wordnet.princeton.edu