Etymology
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cutlass (n.)

"short sword or large knife with a flat, wide, slightly curved blade," used for cutting more than thrusting, 1590s, from French coutelas (16c.), which is probably from Italian coltellaccio "large knife," with augmentative suffix -accio + coltello "knife," from Latin cultellus "small knife," diminutive of culter "knife, plowshare," from PIE *kel-tro-, suffixed form of root *skel- (1) "to cut." Not related to cut.

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Definitions of cutlass

cutlass (n.)
a short heavy curved sword with one edge; formerly used by sailors;
Synonyms: cutlas
From wordnet.princeton.edu