Etymology
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cup (n.)

"small vessel used to contain liquids generally; drinking vessel," Old English cuppe, Old Northumbrian copp, from Late Latin cuppa "cup" (source of Italian coppa, Spanish copa, Old French coupe "cup"), from Latin cupa "tub, cask, tun, barrel," which is thought to be cognate with Sanskrit kupah "hollow, pit, cave," Greek kype "gap, hole; a kind of ship," Old Church Slavonic kupu, Lithuanian kaupas "heap," Old Norse hufr "ship's hull," Old English hyf "beehive." De Vaan writes that all probably are from "a non-IE loanword *kup- which was borrowed by and from many languages."

The Late Latin word was borrowed throughout Germanic: Old Frisian kopp "cup, head," Middle Low German kopp "cup," Middle Dutch coppe, Dutch kopje "cup, head." German cognate Kopf now means exclusively "head" (compare French tête, from Latin testa "potsherd").

Used of any thing with the shape of a cup by c. 1400; sense of "quantity contained in a cup" is from late 14c. Meaning "part of a bra that holds a breast" is from 1938. Sense of "cup-shaped metal vessel offered as a prize in sport or games" is from 1640s. Sense of "suffering to be endured" (late 14c.) is a biblical image (Matthew xx.22, xxvi.39) on the notion of "something to be partaken of."

To be in one's cups "intoxicated" is from 1610s (Middle English had cup-shoten "drunk, drunken," mid-14c.). [One's] cup of tea "what interests one" is by 1932, earlier used of persons (1908), the sense being "what is invigorating." Cup-bearer "attendant at a feast who conveys wine or other liquor to guests" is from early 15c.

cup (v.)

late 14c., "to draw blood by means of cupping glasses," from cup (n.). Meaning "to form a cup" is from 1830. Related: Cupped; cupping.

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Definitions of cup
1
cup (n.)
a small open container usually used for drinking; usually has a handle;
the handle of the cup was missing
he put the cup back in the saucer
cup (n.)
the quantity a cup will hold;
he borrowed a cup of sugar
he drank a cup of coffee
Synonyms: cupful
cup (n.)
any cup-shaped concavity;
bees filled the waxen cups with honey
he wore a jock strap with a metal cup
the cup of her bra
cup (n.)
a United States liquid unit equal to 8 fluid ounces;
cup (n.)
cup-shaped plant organ;
cup (n.)
a punch served in a pitcher instead of a punch bowl;
cup (n.)
the hole (or metal container in the hole) on a golf green;
he swore as the ball rimmed the cup and rolled away
put the flag back in the cup
cup (n.)
a large metal vessel with two handles that is awarded as a trophy to the winner of a competition;
the school kept the cups is a special glass case
Synonyms: loving cup
2
cup (v.)
form into the shape of a cup;
She cupped her hands
cup (v.)
put into a cup;
cup the milk
cup (v.)
treat by applying evacuated cups to the patient's skin;
Synonyms: transfuse
From wordnet.princeton.edu