Etymology
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croup (n.)

"coughing illness," a name given to various diseases involving interference at the glottis with respiration," 1765, from obsolete verb croup "to cry hoarsely, croak" (1510s), probably echoic. This was the local name of the disease in southeastern Scotland, given wide currency by Dr. Francis Home (1719-1813) of Edinburgh in his 1765 treatise on it. Related: Croupy.

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Definitions of croup

croup (n.)
a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing;
Synonyms: spasmodic laryngitis
croup (n.)
the part of an animal that corresponds to the human buttocks;
Synonyms: hindquarters / croupe / rump
From wordnet.princeton.edu