Etymology
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crossbow (n.)

also cross-bow, "missile-throwing weapon consisting of a bow fixed athwart a stock," mid-15c., from cross (n.) + bow (n.1). Unknown to the ancients but common in Europe in the Middle Ages.

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Definitions of crossbow

crossbow (n.)
a bow fixed transversely on a wooden stock grooved to direct the arrow (quarrel);
From wordnet.princeton.edu