Etymology
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cross (n.)

Old English cros "instrument of Christ's crucifixion; symbol of Christianity" (mid-10c.), probably from Old Norse or another Scandinavian source, picked up by the Norse from Old Irish cros, from Latin crux (accusative crucem, genitive crucis) "stake, cross" on which criminals were impaled or hanged (originally a tall, round pole); hence, figuratively, "torture, trouble, misery;" see crux. Also from Latin crux are Italian croce, French croix, Spanish and Portuguese cruz, Dutch kruis, German Kreuz

The modern word is the northern England form and has predominated. Middle English also had two other forms of the same word, arriving from the continent by different paths: cruche, crouche (c. 1200) was from Medieval Latin, with pronunciation as in Italian croce (compare Crouchmas "festival of the Invention of the Cross," late 14c.). Later, especially in southern England, the form crois, croice, from Old French, was the common one (compare croisade, the older form of crusade). The Old English word was rood.

By c. 1200 as "ornamental likeness of the cross, something resembling or in the form of a cross; sign of the cross made with the right hand or with fingers." From mid-14c. as "small cross with a human figure attached; a crucifix;" late 14c. as "outdoor structure or monument in the form of a cross." Also late 14c. as "a cross formed by two lines drawn or cut on a surface; two lines intersecting at right angles; the shape of a cross without regard to religious signification." From late 12c. as a surname.

From c. 1200 in English in the figurative sense "the burden of a Christian; any suffering voluntarily borne for Christ's sake; a trial or affliction; penance in Christ's name," from Matthew x.38, xvi.24, etc. Theological sense "crucifixion and death of Christ as a necessary part of his mission" is from late 14c.

As "a mixing of breeds in the production of animals" from 1760, hence broadly "a mixture of the characteristics of two different things" (1796). In pugilism, 1906, from the motion of the blow, crossing over the opponent's lead (1880s as a verb; cross-counter (n.) is from 1883). As "accidental contact of two wires belonging to different circuits," 1870.

cross (adj.)

1520s, in part a shortening of across, in part from the adverb (see cross (adv.)). Earliest sense is "falling athwart, lying athwart the main direction, passing from side to side." Meaning "intersecting, lying athwart each other" is from c. 1600.

Sense of "adverse, opposed, obstructing, contrary, opposite" is from 1560s; of persons, "peevish, ill-tempered," from 1630s, probably from the earlier senses of "contrary, athwart," especially with reference to winds and sailing ships. A 19c. emphatic form was cross as two sticks (1807), punning on the verb. Cross-grained is from 1670s of wood; as "opposed in nature or temper" from 1640s.

cross (v.)

c. 1200, "make the sign of a cross as an act of devotion," from cross (n.) and in part from French croiser. Sense of "to go across, pass from side to side of, pass over" is from c. 1400; that of "to cancel by drawing a line over or crossed lines over" is from mid-15c.

From late 14c. as "lie across; intersect;" also "place (two things) crosswise of each other; lay one thing across another." From early 15c. as "mark a cross on." Meaning "thwart, obstruct, hinder, oppose" is from 1550s. Meaning "to draw or run a line athwart or across" is from 1703. Also in Middle English in now-archaic sense "crucify" (mid-14c.), hence, figuratively, crossed "carrying a cross of affliction or penance."

Sense of "cause to interbreed" is from 1754. In telegraphy, electricity, etc., in reference to accidental contact of two wires on different circuits or different parts of a circuit that allows part of the current to flow from one to the other, from 1884. Meaning "to cheat" is by 1823.

Cross my heart as a vow is from 1898. To cross over as euphemistic for "to die" is from 1930. To cross (someone's) path "thwart, obstruct, oppose" is from 1818. Of ideas, etc., to cross (someone's) mind "enter into" (of an idea, etc.) is from 1768; the notion is of something entering the mind as if passing athwart it.

cross (adv.)

c. 1400, "to the side," from on cros, variant of across, and in part from cross (adj.). From c. 1600 as "in an adverse way."

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Definitions of cross
1
cross (v.)
travel across or pass over;
Synonyms: traverse / track / cover / pass over / get over / get across / cut through / cut across
cross (v.)
meet at a point;
Synonyms: intersect
cross (v.)
hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of;
Synonyms: thwart / queer / spoil / scotch / foil / frustrate / baffle / bilk
cross (v.)
fold so as to resemble a cross;
she crossed her legs
cross (v.)
to cover or extend over an area or time period;
Synonyms: traverse / span / sweep
cross (v.)
meet and pass;
the trains crossed
cross (v.)
trace a line through or across;
cross your `t'
cross (v.)
breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties;
cross a horse and a donkey
Synonyms: crossbreed / hybridize / hybridise / interbreed
2
cross (n.)
a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece;
cross (n.)
a marking that consists of lines that cross each other;
Synonyms: crisscross / mark
cross (n.)
any affliction that causes great suffering;
that is his cross to bear
Synonyms: crown of thorns
cross (n.)
(genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species;
a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey
Synonyms: hybrid / crossbreed
cross (n.)
(genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids;
Synonyms: hybridization / hybridisation / crossbreeding / crossing / interbreeding / hybridizing
3
cross (adj.)
extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis;
cross members should be all steel
Synonyms: transverse / transversal / thwartwise
4
Cross (n.)
a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry;
From wordnet.princeton.edu