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criticism (n.)

c. 1600, "action of criticizing, discrimination or discussion of merit, character or quality; a critical remark or disquisition," from critic + -ism. Meaning "art of judging of and defining the qualities or merits of a thing," especially "estimating literary or artistic worth" is from 1670s. Meaning "inquiry into the history and authenticity of a text" (the sense in higher criticism) is from 1660s.

In the first place, I must take leave to tell them that they wholly mistake the Nature of Criticism who think its business is principally to find fault. Criticism, as it was first instituted by Aristotle, was meant a Standard of judging well. The chiefest part of which is, to observe those Excellencies which should delight a reasonable Reader. [Dryden, preface to "State of Innocence," 1677]

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Definitions of criticism from WordNet

criticism (n.)
disapproval expressed by pointing out faults or shortcomings;
the senator received severe criticism from his opponent
Synonyms: unfavorable judgment
criticism (n.)
a serious examination and judgment of something;
constructive criticism is always appreciated
Synonyms: critique
criticism (n.)
a written evaluation of a work of literature;
Synonyms: literary criticism
From wordnet.princeton.edu