Etymology
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criminal (adj.)

c. 1400, "sinful, wicked;" mid-15c., "of or pertaining to a legally punishable offense, of the nature of a crime;" late 15c., "guilty of crime," from Old French criminel, criminal "criminal, despicable, wicked" (11c.) and directly from Late Latin criminalis "pertaining to crime," from Latin crimen (genitive criminis); see crime. It preserves the Latin -n-. Other adjectives include criminous (mid-15c.), criminative. Criminal law (or criminal justice) has been distinguished from civil in English at least since late 15c.

criminal (n.)

"person who has committed a punishable offense against public law," 1620s, from criminal (adj.). Particularly, "person convicted of a crime by proof or confession."

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Definitions of criminal
1
criminal (adj.)
bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure;
a criminal waste of talent
Synonyms: condemnable / deplorable / reprehensible / vicious
criminal (adj.)
guilty of crime or serious offense;
criminal in the sight of God and man
criminal (adj.)
involving or being or having the nature of a crime;
a criminal offense
criminal abuse
Synonyms: felonious
2
criminal (n.)
someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime;
Synonyms: felon / crook / outlaw / malefactor
From wordnet.princeton.edu