Etymology
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cram (v.)

Old English crammian "press something into something else," from Proto-Germanic *kramm- (source also of Old High German krimman "to press, pinch," Old Norse kremja "to squeeze, pinch"), from extended form of PIE root *ger- "to gather."

From early 14c. as "fill with more than can be conveniently contained." Meaning "study intensely for an exam in a short time" (with a view to passing the test, not real learning) is attested by 1803, transitive as well as reflexive, originally British student slang. Related: Crammed; cramming; crammer.

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Definitions of cram

cram (v.)
crowd or pack to capacity;
Synonyms: jam / jampack / ram / chock up / wad
cram (v.)
put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled;
cram books into the suitcase
cram (v.)
study intensively, as before an exam;
Synonyms: grind away / drum / bone up / swot / get up / mug up / swot up / bone
cram (v.)
prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam;
From wordnet.princeton.edu