Etymology
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courtesan (n.)

also courtezan, "a prostitute," 1540s, from French courtisane, from Italian cortigiana "prostitute," literally "woman of the court" (a mock-use or euphemism), fem. of cortigiano "one attached to a court," from corte "court," from Latin cortem (see court (n.)).

An earlier identical word in English meant "a courtier, a member of the papal curia" (early 15c.), from Old French courtisan, the masc. form, from Italian cortigiano.

Origin and meaning of courtesan
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Definitions of courtesan

courtesan (n.)
a woman who cohabits with an important man;
Synonyms: concubine / doxy / paramour
From wordnet.princeton.edu