Etymology
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court-martial (n.)

also court martial, "court of military or naval officers to try cases of desertion, mutiny, etc.," 1650s (plural courts martial), originally martial court (1570s), from court (n.) + martial (adj.). Word-order changed on the model of French cour martiale. As a verb, from 1859. Related: Court-martialed. Middle English had court-spiritual "ecclesiastical court" (late 15c.).  

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Definitions of court-martial
1
court-martial (n.)
a military court to try members of the armed services who are accused of serious breaches of martial law;
court-martial (n.)
a trial that is conducted by a military court;
2
court-martial (v.)
subject to trial by court-martial;
From wordnet.princeton.edu