Etymology
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county (n.)

mid-14c., "a shire, a definite division of a country or state for political and administrative purposes," from Anglo-French counte, from Late Latin comitatus "jurisdiction of a count," from Latin comes (see count (n.1)). It replaced Old English scir "shire."

From late 14c. as "the domain of a count or earl." County palatine, one distinguished by special privileges (Lancaster, Chester, Durham) is from mid-15c. County seat "seat of the government of a county" is by 1848, American English.

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Definitions of county

county (n.)
(United Kingdom) a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government;
the county has a population of 12,345 people
county (n.)
(United States) the largest administrative district within a state;
the county plans to build a new road
From wordnet.princeton.edu