Etymology
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counter (n.1)

mid-14c., "table where a money lender does business," from Old French contouer, comptoir "counting room; table or bench of a merchant or bank" (14c.), from Medieval Latin computatorium "place of accounts," from Latin computatus, past participle of computare "to count, sum up, reckon together" (see compute).

Generalized 19c. from banks to shops, then extended to display cases for goods. In reference to a similar construction in a home kitchen by 1875. Over-the-counter in reference to goods sold and money paid is by 1875; phrase under the counter in reference to illegal or clandestine transactions is by 1926.

counter (v.)

"go against, come against, engage in combat," late 14c., short for acountren, encountren (see encounter (v.)). In boxing, "to give a return blow while receiving or parrying a blow from one's opponent," by 1861. Related: Countered; countering.

counter (n.2)

c. 1300, countour, "one who counts or reckons, an accountant, a local tax official," from Anglo-French countour, which is from an Old French merger of Latin computator and Medieval Latin computatorium, both ultimately from Latin computare "to count, sum up, reckon together" (see compute).

From late 14c. as "metal disk or other thing used in counting." From 1803 as "apparatus for keeping count."

counter (adv.)

"contrary, in opposition, in an opposite direction," mid-15c., from counter- or from Anglo-French and Old French contre "against," both ultimately from Latin contra (see contra (prep., adv.)). As a preposition, "contrary to, opposite, against," mid-15c.

counter (adj.)

1590s, "acting in opposition," from counter (adv.) or counter-. From 1823 as "duplicate."

counter (n.3)

early 15c., "that which is counter or opposite," from counter-. From c. 1500 as "a circular parry in fencing," from counter (adv.); boxing sense of "a counter-punch" is by 1857.

updated on September 01, 2020

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Definitions of counter from WordNet
1
counter (n.)
table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted;
counter (n.)
game equipment (as a piece of wood, plastic, or ivory) used for keeping a count or reserving a space in various card or board games;
counter (n.)
a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens;
Synonyms: tabulator
counter (n.)
a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers;
Synonyms: buffet / sideboard
counter (n.)
a person who counts things;
counter (n.)
a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one);
counter (n.)
(computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers);
counter (n.)
a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe or boot;
a counter may be used to stiffen the material around the heel and to give support to the foot
Synonyms: heel counter
counter (n.)
a return punch (especially by a boxer);
Synonyms: counterpunch / parry
2
counter (v.)
speak in response;
He countered with some very persuasive arguments
counter (v.)
act in advance of; deal with ahead of time;
3
counter (adv.)
in the opposite direction;
run counter
4
counter (adj.)
indicating opposition or resistance;
Synonyms: antagonistic
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.