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costume (n.)

1715, "style of dress," but also more broadly "custom or usage with respect to place and time, as represented in art or literature; distinctive action, appearance, arms, furniture, etc.," from French costume (17c.), from Italian costume "fashion, habit," from Latin consuetudinem (nominative consuetudo) "custom, habit, usage." Essentially the same word as custom but arriving by a different path.

It originally was an art term, referring to congruity in representation. From "customary clothes of the particular period in which the scene is laid," the meaning broadened by 1818 to "any defined mode of dress, external dress." Costume jewelry, made to be worn as an accessory to fashionable costume, is attested by 1917. Related: Costumic.

costume (v.)

to dress, furnish with a costume," "1823, from costume (n.). Related: Costumed; costuming.

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Definitions of costume from WordNet
1
costume (n.)
the attire worn in a play or at a fancy dress ball;
he won the prize for best costume
costume (n.)
unusual or period attire not characteristic of or appropriate to the time and place;
in spite of the heat he insisted on his woolen costume
costume (n.)
the prevalent fashion of dress (including accessories and hair style as well as garments);
costume (n.)
the attire characteristic of a country or a time or a social class;
he wore his national costume
2
costume (v.)
dress in a costume;
Synonyms: dress up
costume (v.)
furnish with costumes; as for a film or play;
From wordnet.princeton.edu