Etymology
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cornelian (n.)

"red variety of chalcedony," 1560s, a variant of corneline (c. 1400), from Old French corneline (Modern French cornaline), diminutive of corneola, which is probably from Vulgar Latin *cornea, from Latin cornus, name of a type of berry (see cornel and compare carnelian).

updated on March 31, 2018

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Definitions of cornelian from WordNet

cornelian (n.)
a translucent red or orange variety of chalcedony;
Synonyms: carnelian
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.