Etymology
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construction (n.)

late 14c., construccioun, "act of construing; manner of understanding the arrangement of words in translation" (a sense now obsolete), from Latin constructionem (nominative constructio) "a putting or placing together, a building," noun of action from past-participle stem of construere "to pile up together, accumulate; build, make, erect," from assimilated form of com "with, together" (see con-) + struere "to pile up" (from PIE *streu-, extended form of root *stere- "to spread").

The oldest sense in English goes with construe, and led to the meanings "the construing, explaining, or interpreting of a text" (late 15c.) and "explanation of the words of a legal document" which endures in parliamentary language ("What construction do you put on this clause?"); also compare constructionist.

From early 15c. as "act of building or making;" 1707 as "way or form in which a thing is built or made;" 1796 as "that which is constructed, a structure." Related: Constructional; constructionally.

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Definitions of construction

construction (n.)
the act of constructing something;
during the construction we had to take a detour
Synonyms: building
construction (n.)
a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit;
I concluded from his awkward constructions that he was a foreigner
Synonyms: grammatical construction / expression
construction (n.)
the creation of a construct; the process of combining ideas into a congruous object of thought;
Synonyms: mental synthesis
construction (n.)
a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts;
she wore her hair in an amazing construction of whirls and ribbons
Synonyms: structure
construction (n.)
drawing a figure satisfying certain conditions as part of solving a problem or proving a theorem;
the assignment was to make a construction that could be used in proving the Pythagorean theorem
construction (n.)
an interpretation of a text or action;
they put an unsympathetic construction on his conduct
Synonyms: twist
construction (n.)
the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones;
their main business is home construction
Synonyms: building
From wordnet.princeton.edu