Etymology
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constitutional (adj.)

1680s, "pertaining to a person's (physical or mental) constitution," from constitution + -al (1). Meaning "beneficial to bodily constitution" is from 1750. Meaning "authorized or allowed by the political constitution" is from 1765. Constitutional monarchy is recorded from 1801, from French. Related: Constitutionally.

constitutional (n.)

"a constitutional walk," 1829, probably originally among university students, and probably short for constitutional walk or exercise; from constitutional (adj.) in the "beneficial to bodily health" sense.

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Definitions of constitutional
1
constitutional (adj.)
constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup);
constitutional (adj.)
of benefit to or intended to benefit your physical makeup;
constitutional walk
constitutional (adj.)
sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under the law determining the fundamental political principles of a government;
the constitutional right of free speech
constitutional government
constitutional guarantees
constitutional (adj.)
existing as an essential constituent or characteristic;
a constitutional inability to tell the truth
Synonyms: built-in / inbuilt / inherent / integral
2
constitutional (n.)
a regular walk taken as a form of exercise;
From wordnet.princeton.edu