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confession (n.)

late 14c., confessioun, "action of confessing, acknowledgment of a fault or wrong," originally in religion, "the disclosing of sins or faults to a priest as one of the four parts of the sacrament of penance," from Old French confession (10c.), from Latin confessionem (nominative confessio) "confession, acknowledgement," noun of action from past-participle stem of confiteri "to acknowledge" (see confess).

An Old English word for it was andettung, also scriftspræc. Meaning "that which is confessed" is mid-15c.  Meaning "a formula of the articles of a religious faith, a creed to be assented to" is from late 14c. In the common law, "admission or acknowledgment of guilt made in court or before a magistrate," 1570s.

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Definitions of confession

confession (n.)
an admission of misdeeds or faults;
confession (n.)
a written document acknowledging an offense and signed by the guilty party;
confession (n.)
(Roman Catholic Church) the act of a penitent disclosing his sinfulness before a priest in the sacrament of penance in the hope of absolution;
confession (n.)
a public declaration of your faith;
confession (n.)
the document that spells out the belief system of a given church (especially the Reformation churches of the 16th century);
From wordnet.princeton.edu