Etymology
Advertisement

condition (n.)

mid-14c., condicioun, "particular mode of being of a person or thing," also "a requisite or prerequisite, a stipulation," from Old French condicion "stipulation; state; behavior; social status" (12c., Modern French condition), from Medieval Latin conditionem (nominative conditio), properly condicio "agreement; stipulation; the external position, situation, rank, place, circumstances" of persons, "situation, condition, nature, manner" of things, from condicere "to speak with, talk together, agree upon," in Late Latin "consent, assent," from assimilated form of com "together" (see con-) + dicere "to speak" (from PIE root *deik- "to show," also "pronounce solemnly").

Classical Latin condicio was confused in Late Latin with conditio "a making," from conditus, past participle of condere "to put together." The sense evolution in Latin apparently was from "stipulation" to "situation, mode of being."

Meaning "rank or state with respect to ordered society" is from late 14c. in English. From the notion of "prerequisite" comes the sense of "a restricting or limiting circumstance" (late 14c.). Also in Middle English "personal character, disposition" (mid-14c.).

condition (v.)

late 15c., "to make conditions, stipulate," from condition (n.). Meaning "subject to something as a condition" is from 1520s; sense of "form a prerequisite of" is from 1868. Meaning "to bring to a desired condition" is from 1844; psychological sense of "teach or accustom (a person or animal) to certain habits or responses" is from 1909. Related: Conditioned; conditioning.

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of condition
1
condition (n.)
a state at a particular time;
a condition (or state) of disrepair
Synonyms: status
condition (n.)
an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else;
condition (n.)
a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing;
the human condition
condition (n.)
information that should be kept in mind when making a decision;
condition (n.)
the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape');
Synonyms: shape
condition (n.)
an illness, disease, or other medical problem;
a heart condition
a skin condition
condition (n.)
(usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement;
the contract set out the conditions of the lease
Synonyms: strings / term
condition (n.)
the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition;
Synonyms: experimental condition
2
condition (v.)
establish a conditioned response;
condition (v.)
develop (a child's or animal's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;
Synonyms: discipline / train / check
condition (v.)
put into a better state;
he conditions old cars
condition (v.)
apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny;
I condition my hair after washing it
From wordnet.princeton.edu