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comprehension (n.)

mid-15c., "act or fact of understanding," from Old French comprehénsion (15c.), and directly from Latin comprehensionem (nominative comprehensio) "a seizing, laying hold of, arrest," figuratively "perception, comprehension," noun of action from past participle stem of comprehendere "to take together, to unite; include; to comprehend, perceive" (to seize or take in the mind), from com "with, together," here probably "completely" (see com-) + prehendere "to catch hold of, seize," from prae- "before" (see pre-) + -hendere, from PIE root *ghend- "to seize, take." From 1540s as "the act of including;" from 1590s as "capacity of the mind to understand." In reading education, from 1921.

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Definitions of comprehension

comprehension (n.)
an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something (or the knowledge acquired as a result);
how you can do that is beyond my comprehension
he was famous for his comprehension of American literature
comprehension (n.)
the relation of comprising something;
Synonyms: inclusion
From wordnet.princeton.edu