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comprehend (v.)

mid-14c., "to understand, take into the mind, grasp by understanding," late 14c., "to take in, include;" from Latin comprehendere "to take together, to unite; include; seize" (of catching fire or the arrest of criminals); also "to comprehend, perceive" (to seize or take in the mind), from com "with, together," here probably "completely" (see com-) + prehendere "to catch hold of, seize," from prae- "before" (see pre-) + -hendere, from PIE root *ghend- "to seize, take." Related: Comprehended; comprehending. Compare sense development in German begriefen, literally "to seize," but, through the writings of the 14c. mystics, "to seize with the mind, to comprehend."

Origin and meaning of comprehend

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Definitions of comprehend from WordNet

comprehend (v.)
get the meaning of something;
Do you comprehend the meaning of this letter?
Synonyms: grok / get the picture / savvy / dig / grasp / compass / apprehend
comprehend (v.)
to become aware of through the senses;
Synonyms: perceive
comprehend (v.)
include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory;
Synonyms: embrace / encompass / cover
From wordnet.princeton.edu