Etymology
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compound (v.)

late 14c., compounen, "to put together, to mix, to combine; to join, couple together," from Old French compondre, componre "arrange, direct," and directly from Latin componere "to put together," from com "with, together" (see com-) + ponere "to place" (see position (n.)). The unetymological -d appeared 1500s in English by the same process  that yielded expound, propound, etc. Intransitive sense is from 1727. Related: Compounded; compounding.

compound (n.1)

"enclosed residence," 1670s, "the enclosure for a factory or settlement of Europeans in the East," via Dutch (kampoeng) or Portuguese, from Malay (Austronesian) kampong "village, group of buildings." Spelling influenced by compound (v.). Later used of South African diamond miners' camps (1893), then of large fenced-in residences generally (1946).

compound (adj.)

late 14c., originally compouned, "composed of two or more elements, mixed, blended," past participle of compounen (see compound (v.)). Of flowers from 1660s; compound eye is attested from 1836; compound sentence, one consisting of two or more full clauses, is from 1772.

compound (n.2)

"a compound thing, something produced by the combination of two or more ingredients," mid-15c., from compound (adj.).

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Definitions of compound
1
compound (v.)
make more intense, stronger, or more marked;
Synonyms: intensify / heighten / deepen
compound (v.)
put or add together;
Synonyms: combine
compound (v.)
calculate principal and interest;
compound (v.)
create by mixing or combining;
compound (v.)
combine so as to form a whole; mix;
compound the ingredients
Synonyms: combine
2
compound (n.)
a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts;
compound (n.)
(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight;
Synonyms: chemical compound
compound (n.)
an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient);
3
compound (adj.)
composed of more than one part;
compound flower heads
compound leaves are composed of several lobes
compound (adj.)
consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts;
a blackberry is a compound fruit
housetop is a compound word
soap is a compound substance
compound (adj.)
composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony;
Synonyms: colonial
From wordnet.princeton.edu